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Antibacterial Sodium Alginate Cosmetic Herbal Electrospun Nanofiber Mask

Antibacterial Sodium Alginate Cosmetic Herbal Electrospun Nanofiber Mask

Ayesha Saeed1*, Farzana Kishwar2, Ahsan Nazir3, Sharjeel Abid4, Muhammad Abiodullah5, and Danial Ali6

1University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; 2Govt. College for Women Baghbanpura, Lahore, Pakistan; 3Research Innovation and Commercialization, National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 4Department of Textile Engineering, School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 5Department of Educational Research and Evaluation, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; 6Akhtar Saeed Medical College Lahore, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Ayesha Saeed, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; Email: ayeshasaeed82@gmail.com, Ayesha.Saeed@lcwu.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Sodium Alginate (SA) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) have earned industrial recognition due to its biocompatible nature. Traditionally, Musa Acuminata (MA) and Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis (HRS) leaves famous for its medicinal value as they contain phytochemicals such as triterpenoids, polyphenols, flavonoids, and alkaloids. Keeping in view and get benefit from their fruitful properties the aim of the study was to develop antibacterial dry sheet nanofiber mask loaded with leaf extracts of MA and HRS as antibacterial agents in SA/PVA nanofibers through electrospinning method, which was just wet before its application. Leaf extracts were used at three concentration levels (0.5, 1, and 1.5 %). Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images confirmed the formation of optimized nanofibers with diameter range from ±49 to ±545 nm. It was observed that addition of leaf extract increased the solution conductivity and decrease the surface tension and viscosity. Chemical reactions and presence of functional groups of SA, PVA, HRS and MA were studied by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Crystallinity decreased as the SA and leaf extract loaded into the PVA nanofibers as studied through X-ray diffraction (XRD). SAMA nanofibers exhibited highest antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus (gram positive bacteria) than Escherichia coli (gram negative bacteria), while SAHRS nanofibers showed moderate value against both bacteria. It was concluded that prepared antibacterial nanofiber cosmetic mask has an excellent application in medical cosmetic industry.

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Journal of Innovative Sciences

December

Vol.8, Iss.2, Pages 146-325

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