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A Critical Analysis of the Economic Valuation of Canal Irrigation Water in Punjab, Pakistan

A Critical Analysis of the Economic Valuation of Canal Irrigation Water in Punjab, Pakistan

Hafiz Qaisar Yasin1*, Dora Marinova2 and Muhammad Naveed Tahir3

1Curtin University, Perth Australia/Deputy Director, Water Management Wing, Agriculture Department, Government of the Punjab, Pakistan; 2Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, School of Design and Built Environment, Curtin University, Bentley 6102, Australia; 3Water Management wing, Agriculture Department, Government of the Punjab, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Hafiz Qaisar Yasin, Curtin University, Perth Australia/Deputy Director, Water Management wing, Agriculture Department, Government of the Punjab, Pakistan, Email: qaisaruaf@yahoo.com 

ABSTRACT

Economic valuation of irrigation water is one of most critical water governance issues in Pakistan. In the agriculture‑dominant province of Punjab, low irrigation water charging rates lead to its inefficient use by farmers. Under the rapidly increasing water scarcity and climate change issues, it is inevitable to assess the actual economic value of canal irrigation water in Punjab. This study applied the Residual Valuation Method to assess the real economic value of canal irrigation water of four major crops (wheat, rice, cotton and sugarcane) in Punjab. The study found that the average economic values of wheat, rice, cotton, and sugarcane crops are PKR 2.6/m3, PKR 2.4/m3, PKR 2.4/m3, and PKR 3.0/m3, respectively. These values are substantially higher than the current flat-rate canal irrigation water charging rates in Punjab. The research further indicated the need to enhance canal water charging rates to ensure its efficient use and sustainable management. The study also observed that any increase in irrigation water charge rate by the government has to be linked with farmers’ overall economic returns from crop production along with ensured irrigation supply and reliable service delivery.

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

December

Vol. 38, Iss. 4, Pages 1160-1546

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